A Guide to Job Safety Analysis
If you are part of the construction or heavy industry projects, then the risk of injury is part of your job. While risk cannot be eliminated, it can be reduced and controlled by using standard procedures and good work practices. There are those who believe that risk is just a normal part of doing your job. The question is how much risk you are willing to accept.
Risk will always be present no matter what type of task you do. When we speak of risk, it is the probability that something goes wrong and the severity of the outcome. Each day we make decisions about accepting risks. The question is if people really understand and accept these risks.
From its beginnings at the organizational level, the acceptance of risk is then forced down to the local level. It is usually the function of the management to control risks and in order to help understand risk and keep it in an acceptance level, good tools must be used. Job safety analysis is a very useful tool to understand risks and keep it at an acceptable level.
The control of risk at the lowest management level is done by the people doing the work and their immediate supervisor. It is important to make sure that all those who need to be involved in both the planning and execution of the task be given an adequate opportunity to be involved and are kept informed of developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them.
It is very easy for workers to know where the dangers are. But, usually they keep it to themselves. The existence of hazards in an area are known by workers as revealed by incident investigation findings. Some thought hazard was normal and some say that they thought the risk was acceptable. It can help managers to reduce risk if they involve their workers in it.
Establishing a common level of risk tolerance among the team members is their goal and this process can be affected by several things. When doing work area risk assessment and communication of local hazards the judgment and decisions of the supervisory staff and employees are the most critical part.
One of the things that complicates communication. of risk on a construction site is the fact that each person’s perception of risk and level of risk tolerance is different. The job Safety Analysis is a tool used to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all the people involved.
The risk management process in heavy industry includes job safety analysis. It is a management tool used to reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptable level by allowing all members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures and hazards associated with completing the task.